Sustainable Travel: A logbook

Sustainable Travel: Jennifer Martin’s Logbook of 7 essential ingredients for getting out in the world.

When I find myself needing to leave Dancing Rabbit Ecovillage for Green Community Building related travel, sustainability is at the forefront of my mind.
  1. Identify if the travel is really necessary at all. 99.9% of all our project communications and meetings are online. When I do travel, I pack as much networking, collaboration, and learning into the trip as I can.
  2. Use mass transit systems for long-span travel. Amtrak is my first choice, followed by bus. A distant third is ridesharing in a personal vehicle. If I can’t get there by land-based mass transit, I re-evaluate my need to travel altogether.
  3. Plan my trip to make pedestrian travel at my destination a breeze. I consider distance to lodging, locally sustainable eateries and grocery stores, and my program schedule to optimize walking. It’s also a great way to take in the scenery.
  4. When I do need to get somewhere further than my legs can carry me, I use local mass transit, rideshare with a group, or borrow/rent a bike.
  5. Search out sustainable options for housing. I stay with friends, or at hostels and couchsurfing host homes that share values of sustainability. With kitchens on-site, I have control over what foods I consume and which resources I use to prepare them.
  6. Pack light. I usually travel with one backpack. In it is a compliment of mix and match cotton clothing items, biodegradable toiletries, simple organic snacks, a few personal effects (wallet, journal, pen, phone, cards and dice for the train), my indispensable water bottle, insulated mug, and a simple compliment of dishware for leftovers. It’s great knowing that I don’t need throwaway utensils or dishware.
  7. No matter how busy my schedule, I keep myself open to exploring the unexpected opportunities that often happen while I travel. I never know where that next conversation might lead!
1. Start by asking yourself this question, "Is this really necessary?"

1. Start by asking yourself this question, “Is this really necessary?”

 

2.  Use low-impact mass transit solutions for your travel.

2. Use low-impact mass transit solutions for your travel.

 

3.  Use walking as your primary means of transportation once you arrive at your destination.

3. Use walking as your primary means of transportation once you arrive at your destination.

 

4.  Utilize local mass transit options if you must travel further than your legs can take you.

4. Utilize local mass transit options if you must travel further than your legs can take you.

 

4. Often available to rent, bicycles provide a great means for sustainable personal transport.

4. Often available to borrow or rent, bicycles provide you with great means for sustainable personal transport.

 

5.  Cooperation and resource sharing are key ingredients of sustainability, even on the road.

5. Cooperation and resource sharing are key ingredients of sustainability, no matter where you are.

 

6. Carrying local, fresh foods along with you when you travel is a great way to minimize your footprint while traveling.

6. Carry local, fresh foods along with you when you travel as a great way to minimize your footprint while away from home.

 

6. Staying hydrated is vital. Carrying a water bottle keeps the liquid of life by your side and prevents unnecessary purchases of bottled liquids.

6. Staying hydrated is vital. Carry a water bottle to keep the liquid of life by your side to prevent unnecessary purchases of bottled liquids. An insulated steel mug is a great container for your daily cup of Joe.

 

6.  Having the right tools with you means never having to pick up plastic utensils along the way.

6. Having the right tools with you means never having to pick up plastic utensils along the way.

 

7.  If you do need to travel, then use your time optimally.

7. If you do decide to travel, then use your time optimally, and leave yourself open to opportunities that may come your way.

 

Water – Safe to Drink

While conducting research for potable water plumbing materials in 2013, we discovered that there were many commonly known plumbing components that had significant levels of lead in them.

Thanks to the Reduction of Lead in Drinking Water Act, finalized early this year after 3 years in process, this act amends section 1417 of the Safe Drinking Water Act.  Pipes, plumbing fittings or fixtures, solder and flux now fall under much more stringent criteria – not more than 0.25% by weight for parts that come into contact with water, 0.20% for solder and flux. For more Information, check out Get The Lead Out’s FAQ page.

The bottom line – as of January 4, 2014, all new potable plumbing products must now meet these new regulations. Though they don’t eliminate it completely, it’s a significant improvement on business as usual in the world of water. All new products you buy MUST meet this regulation, so all off-the-shelf products are within this tolerance.  Trust us when we say this is a significant improvement.

Of course, if you want to have completely Lead-Free plumbing fixtures – and meet Living Building Challenge’s Material Petal requirements – you must still do your due diligence, and search for truly lead-free products. And with new Lead-Free labels approved for any fixture meeting these low lead requirements, the discussion may prove even more tricky with both suppliers and manufacturers.

When we learn of truly lead-free fixtures, we’ll be sure to share that information with you.  We hope that you’ll kindly do the same. Happy hunting.

 

Beauty and Inspiration

Link

Jennifer Martin, Green Community Building Project Manager, feels right at home attending the 2014 Living Future Unconference in Portland, OR from May 20-24.

Back in 2010 when our project team first learned about Living Building Challenge, it felt as though we’d found Dancing Rabbit Ecovillage’s mission reflected in the words used to describe the standard. We’d discovered a standard that not only exemplified what we were striving to create, it carried with it a force of will from the architectural community to push the very boundaries of what our industry thinks is possible or practical.

Rooted in the source of inspiration that exemplifies the vision of Living Future Institute, Dancing Rabbit Ecovillage’s new Green Community Building will advance the Institute’s mission to lead and support the transformation of communities that are socially just, culturally rich and ecologically restorative.

By fulfilling our own mission of creating a sustainable demonstration example for the world, we are simultaneously promoting advancement in architectural sustainability today.

Updated Design and 3D Images

We’ve made some updates to our design and have some new images to share. The main changes are to bring the strawbales to the inside of the wall, leaving the outside with wood siding. This should reduce maintenance and improve thermal properties by bringing the thermal mass of the plaster to the inside of the building. We’ve also redesigned the clerestory to allow for more natural light and have updated the shading structures for the southern windows.

Design for natural daylighting and passive solar heating

This view of the new building from the south shows the passive solar design and arbors for shading.

View of the Breezeway

A breezeway connects villagers to the new town center.

A view from the future village green north of the building.

A view from the future village green north of the building.

Great Room for social events, presentations, performances, and celebrations

Great Room for social events, presentations, performances, and celebrations

Future home of Dancing Rabbit’s extensive sustainability library

Future home of Dancing Rabbit’s extensive sustainability library

The main stairway features a living tree and an open view to the south

The main stairway features a living tree and an open view to the south

Envelope Analysis – How to Make Sure Your Walls Won’t Rot

Moisture can be a nightmare for builders. It’s always wanting to leak in, wick up, or infiltrate into a building and with moisture comes rot and mold.

To ensure our new building’s walls would avoid moisture problems we did what is called an Envelope Analysis to look at the moisture conditions within the envelope (wall and roof systems) of our building.

Strawbale Moisture Content Over Time in Wall System

Strawbale Moisture Content Over Time in Wall System

We hired a consultant who used WUFI software to model conditions in our walls. The model includes our local climate data and a model of our HVAC system, as well as estimates of how our building will get used: occupancy rates, how many meals cooked, showers taken, etc.

Our wall system is not typical as it includes both a stick frame with blow in cellulose and strawbales. Luckily someone had already figured out the moisture properties of strawbales and published it online.

The good news is that the model showed that in general our wall system will be free of moisture problems. The strawbales showed no accumulation of moisture, with moisture declining over time with some seasonal variation. Our roof system, a more standard system with metal roofing and blow-in cellulose also had no moisture problems.

The challenge is that our kitchen and shower areas could have problems with moisture in the cellulose if we don’t add a vapor barrier or do something to control humidity levels to below 65% relative humidity.

It’s probably possible for us to keep our humidity lower through mechanical ventilation (ie range hoods and venting for the dish sanitizer in addition to the whole house HVAC systems). But prudence would suggest that it’s best to design a building to survive even if the humidity does stay high.

The modelling software showed that if we add a 5 perm vapor barrier behind the drywall in the kitchen and bathroom we should be able to avoid any moisture problems. Another alternative would be a 1/2 inch layer of XPS (extruded polystyrene) foam board behind the drywall.

Now we’ll have to search for an LBC compliant vapor barrier but hopefully we’ll find something that works for us.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Architectural 3D Images

When our architectural designer wasn’t up to his eyeballs in AutoCAD or chasing down consultants he found time to produce these beautiful images of our new building. Enjoy!

View from the South

This view of the new building from the south shows the passive solar design with louver-based shading system.

A breezeway connects villagers to the new town center

A breezeway connects villagers to the new town center.

North Patio

A view from the future village green north of the building.

Great Room for social events, presentations, performances, and celebrations.

Future home of Dancing Rabbit’s extensive sustainability library.

Green Living Roof

The roof over the dining room will be a green living roof, planted with native flora.

Rigid Eco-Foam Where Art Thou

When you think about styrofoam “ecological” is probably not the first word that comes to your mind.  And yet rigid foam panels are an amazingly effective and convenient way to insulate a building and can be especially crucial in areas where insulation will get wet, such as under your slab.

So what is the ecological alternative?

We are still looking for the perfect product.

One option is Mineral Wool which is made from rock and has an R-value just a little lower than polystyrene. It is waterproof and does not contain flame retardants (it’s already fireproof — it’s rock) but generally does contain added formaldehyde (which is an LBC red list no-no). So far, we’ve found one brand of mineral wool that has no formaldehyde and is rated for under slabs, but it might only be available in Europe.

For our green roof areas we have found a source for reused polyisocyanurate foam board removed from a warehouse near Kansas City. Polyiso has an amazing R-value of R 6.5 to R-8 per inch of foam, 150-200% of what other foam boards provide. So where we have limited space under the green roofs we can use polyiso rather than blow in cellulose and still achieve the overall R-value we want.

But unfortunately polyiso can’t be used in wet conditions like under a slab, and yet we need to insulate our slab to prevent heat from wicking away into the earth. That leaves us looking at expanded or extruded polystyrene (ie styrofoam or pink board) neither of which sounds very eco. Perhaps we can again find a source for reuse, but we may end up having to buy.

Cork InsulationOne alternative that looks promising for interior use is expanded cork insulation. The same material as in wine corks and bulletin boards can be processed into a rigid insulation board. It’s a renewable product that can be repeatedly harvested from cork oak trees. The only catch is that its currently produced only in Portugal. We’re not sure if the energy for transport is worth the eco savings for this product but if there is ever a local source it sounds great.

 

 

 

Energy Model Complexities

To verify that our building will perform as expected we have contracted to have a computerized energy model done. The model incorporates the details of the design as well as assumptions about occupant behavior to come up with heating, cooling, and electrical loads based on our climate.

Occupancy Levels for a Typical Saturday

Predicted occupancy levels on a “typical saturday”. This is actually more of a worst/best case scenario – more like a community celebration with 80 people in the building at 2pm

Our hope is to produce a model accurate enough that we can size our heating and cooling systems with confidence that they will be adequate in extreme weather, while not being oversized for general use. In addition LEED requires an energy model to compare against how your building would perform if built to normal code and specifications.

But predicting occupant behavior can be quite tricky, especially in a community setting where the occupants will change from day to day and year to year. Can we count on people opening windows when the weather is nice out? When they do so will they remember to turn off the HVAC system? Will they remember to close the windows when the temperature drops or rises? Will people adjust blinds to prevent glare and excessive solar gain?

The software is actually designed to factor in all of these questions, but we still have to set the parameters realistically. Our first round of data from the model showed our highest cooling load of the year on November 12th. The model was not assuming anyone would open the windows or lowering the blinds, so on a unseasonably warm and sunny day in November your passive solar home could overheat and require cooling. Similarly we were seeing small heating loads in July, which just seemed boggling.

In our next round we have tweaked the parameters to prevent such anomalies and are hopeful to have something more realistic. For instance we told the software “no heating in June, July, and August no matter what” and similarly “no cooling November to March”. We also changed our occupancy loads to better match our prediction of community behavior.

All in all it’s not an exact science, but who said building ever was.